Fair Value Measurements and Marketable Securities
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2014
|Fair Value Measurements And Marketable Securities [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements and Marketable Securities||
5. Fair Value Measurements and Marketable Securities
Financial Instruments Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company measures and records certain financial instruments at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value is based on the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, under a three-tier fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1 - quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 - observable prices that are based on inputs not quoted on active markets, but corroborated by market data.
Level 3 - unobservable inputs reflecting management’s assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants. These valuations require significant judgment.
The Company classifies assets and liabilities measured at fair value in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to their fair value measurement. No financial assets were measured on a recurring basis at December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The following tables set forth the financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy at December 31, 2014 and 2013:
The Company did not have any transfers of assets and liabilities between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value measurement hierarchy during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013. The following table presents a reconciliation of the derivative liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013:
Common Stock Warrants
The Company has issued certain warrants to purchase shares of common stock, which are considered mark-to-market liabilities and are re-measured to fair value at each reporting period in accordance with accounting guidance.
The assumptions used in estimating the common stock warrant liability at December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were as follows:
Preferred Stock Warrants
The Company had issued warrants to purchase shares of convertible preferred stock in prior periods. The Company accounted for these warrants under the provisions of ASC Topic 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity. Accordingly, the Company initially recorded a liability for the fair value of these warrants and then re-measured the liability at the end of each reporting period.
Upon completion of the IPO in February 2014, all 2,344,731 outstanding warrants exercisable for shares of preferred stock were converted into 159,834 warrants exercisable for shares of common stock and the convertible preferred stock warrant liability was reclassified to stockholders’ equity. There were no warrants exercisable for shares of preferred stock outstanding at December 31, 2014.
The assumptions used in estimating the preferred stock warrant liability at December 31, 2013 were as follows:
Conversion Feature of Notes
The Company entered into convertible notes in 2014. The conversion features of the notes were evaluated and determined to be derivatives and are re-measured to fair value at each reporting period.
The assumptions used in estimating the conversion feature of the notes at December 31, 2014 were as follows:
Fair Value of Other Financial Instruments
The Company’s recorded values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair values based on their short-term nature. The recorded value of notes payable approximates the fair value as the interest rate approximates market interest rates.
There were no marketable securities at December 31, 2014 and 2013. The Company received proceeds of $2.7 million from the maturities and sales of marketable securities and realized gains from these sales of $2,000 during the year ended December 31, 2013.